In this episode of On Mass I discuss the dynamics and implications of the movie “Black Panther” and the contours of Black liberation. I also talk about some of the historical debates around this topic and discuss the opinions of Marcus Garvey, A. Phillip Randolph, Cyril Briggs, and Harry Haywood and relate them to an ongoing debate I’ve been having with members of the African People’s Socialist Party and Black liberals.
Joshua Bloom – Black Against Empire: The History and Politics of the Black Panther Party
Harry Haywood – Black Bolshevik: Autobiography of an Afro-American Communist
Mark Solomon – The Cry Was Unity: Communists and African Americans
Ryan Miniot – The Black Left’s War On Marcus Garvey and Garveyism
Louis J. Parascandola – Cyril Briggs and the African Blood Brotherhood
Cyril Briggs – The Negro Convention